Balneotherapy

Embrace the heat of the nature!

Hydrotherapy is one of the oldest natural treatments. The European and the Middle Eastern countries as well as Japan have used this method since some centuries ago. In spite of the long history of spa treatment, its role in modern medicine has not been clear for decades.
 
What is water therapy?
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the use of water with different physical and chemical conditions, in various ways, either traditional or scientific, for the purpose of prevention and treatment of diseases, as well as the maintenance and promotion of health is called Hydrotherapy.
Hydrotherapy is generally divided into two parts of internal Hydrotherapy and external Hydrotherapy. Internal hydrotherapy involves hydropinotherapy (drinking mineral warm water), irrigation (nose, mouth, intestine and vagina), and inhalation while external hydrotherapy includes balneotherapy (medication therapy by water, massage in water, shower and high-pressure water) and Mud therapy.
 
 
What is balneotherapy?
Bathing in natural mineral waters of natural springs with a minimum temperature of 20 degrees and a minimum mineral content of 1 gram per liter are called "balneotherapy".
The promising results that have been reported so far on the impacts of balneotherapy include increased plasma levels of endorphin or cortisol (endorphin or cortisol levels); activation of the adrenal axis; and decreased plasma levels of some inflammatory mediators (IL, PGs, and TNF).
 
How can balneotherapy produce therapeutic effects on our body?
In recent years, many experiments have been conducted to determine the mechanism of impacts of mineral water. The most influential factors are the thermal and chemical factors of water, which, as a set, play this role.
The effects of heat are arisen due to the water's higher or lower temperature than the human body's temperature. By cold water, there will be a general decrease in the body's function. Therefore, the longer the contact time and the lower the water temperature are, the more decrease in the body's function will be observed. By hot water, the body begins to sweat, and heart and breath rates will be increased. Thermal stress triggers a series of neuroendocrine reactions. In particular, heat makes adrenocorticotropic hormones (ACTH), cortisol, prolactin, and growth hormone (GH) be released. According to experts, thermal stress seems to have important impacts on the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis, and especially on the anti-inflammatory specifications of corticosteroids.
The absorption of the active organic and inorganic biological substances through the skin is also a major factor affecting mineral hydrotherapy. Various studies have confirmed that some of the water-soluble minerals can penetrate the human skin, and it is apparently the key effective mechanism for disease improvement. The duration of bathing, the temperature of the warm water, the chemical elements that there are in the water and some other unknown parameters are among the factors that determine the penetration of the substances and the elements through the skin and the degree of effectiveness of mineral medical hydrotherapy.
 
 
The following minerals and scarce elements are essential for the human body's health:
Calcium (Ca): It is essential for the growth and maintenance of healthy bones and teeth. It has an important role in the functioning of the nervous and cardiovascular system, muscle contraction and blood coagulation.
Magnesium (Mg): It boosts enzyme activity, healthy bones and teeth, and causes proper functioning of the muscles, the nervous and metabolic system and the body's use of vitamins B1 and B12.
Potassium (K): along with sodium it is useful for maintaining fluid balance in the body. It is also vital for the functioning of the nervous and muscular system.
Sodium (Na): It acts like potassium, but its excessive amounts can cause tissue swelling and high blood pressure.
Iron (Fe): it is essential for the production of hemoglobin; its deficiency causes anemia and degradation of the immune system.
Manganese (Mn): It is needed for controlling the growth and the function of enzymes, nerves, and muscles.
Sulfur (S): It is required for the production of protein, healthy hair, nails and skin.
Iodine (I): It is essential for the production of thyroid hormones by metabolism.
Bromine (Br): It is required for cell metabolism and natural regeneration processes.
Chlorine (Cl): It is important in cellular metabolism and regulates acid and alkaline balance in cells and the blood.
Rheumatic diseases, joint arthritis, as well as gastrointestinal, renal, skin, pulmonary, cardiovascular and vascular diseases are among the most important diseases that can be treated with hydrotherapy as a supplemental therapy option due to the main mineral compounds that are in mineral waters. 
 
 
Iran is one of the countries that are very rich in therapeutic mineral water resources. There are more than 300 mineral water springs in Iran, some of which have facilities such as resorts, private ponds, and other spa services. The other springs remain completely natural and virgin.
Iran's Isfahan and Markazi provinces have hot springs that are contained with sulfur, bicarbonate and iron compounds. In some cases, spa centers have been founded at the location of these springs with public and private ponds.
There are also dozens of hot and cold springs in northern and southern Iran containing various types of scarce elements that have long been used by people due to their therapeutic properties.
In order to identify the scarce compounds and elements, universities and hospitals have conducted extensive research on these fountains.
By reviewing the published articles of these centers and the scientific results of the effects of balneotherapy in the world, Exon Research Group has designed nature therapy packages based on the viewpoints of the specialized physicians, in order to deliver the most appropriate services to its clients using non-chemical medical treatments based on classical medical knowledge and natural blessings of Iran. 
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