- To preserve normal appearance and function of the upper lip
CLEFT LIP AND CLEFT PALATE SURGERY IN IRAN: ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW
Cleft lip and cleft palate are types of congenital disorders that involve nose, lips, and roof of the mouth or palate. A cleft lip is known as opening part in lips that may extend to the nose. A cleft palate is an opening in the roof of the mouth. These disorders may be seen together or isolated.
These defects affect on facial components and accordingly may result in disorder in feeding, hearing, speech and dental function. Exon in contract with well-known medical professionals in different fields offers you any required intervention including cosmetic and reconstructive surgery. These services are presented in world-class hospitals with cutting-edge technologies by the experienced and expert medical team.
They are different types of cleft lips and cleft palate consequently they cause types of surgery based on the patient’s case. They may include:
• Complete cleft palate
• Incomplete cleft palate
• Unilateral cleft lip and palate
• Bilateral cleft lip and palate
• Submucous cleft palate
What are the causes of cleft lip and cleft palate?
During the 8th to 10th gestational age, the central part of the palate should be completed. If due to any reason this development cannot be formed these results to defects in cleft lips or cleft palate. Some syndromes may also cause this defect including stickler syndrome or 22q11 deletion syndrome.
Preparation for cleft lips and cleft palate surgery
As different types of cleft palate and cleft lips surgery are recommended based on the patient’s case the surgeon will suggest the best type of treatment. Since cleft palate is dealing with feeding, speaking and hearing so multidisciplinary approach including reconstructive and cosmetic approaches for craniofacial treatment may be needed from birth to adulthood.
Preparation steps may include:
• Diagnostic and laboratory tests
• And follow up after the operation
In most cases, the patient should stay at the hospital at least for one night.
Risks of cleft lips and cleft palate
The surgery for cleft lips and cleft palate may be constructive and cosmetic. This surgery like other surgeries may have possible risks so your surgeon will inform the patient from potential risks. In this regard, the consent letter should be signed to be confirmed of understanding the entire procedure. In some conditions, repeated surgery is recommended. Some of the possible risks may include
• Unexpected bleeding
• Adverse effect on anesthesia
• Prolonged healing and remained scars
• Respiratory problems following surgery
• Repeated surgery may be need
What to expect from cleft lips and cleft palate surgery?
• To close the cleft
• To improve the shape and symmetry of the upper lip and nose.
• To close the opening between the nose and mouth.
• To improve speaking
• To improve Feeding
• To prevent food and liquid from leaking out of the nose.
Cleft lip and Cleft palate treatment FAQs
1. How does cleft lip form?
Cleft lip as congenital defect forms in gestational age (4th-7th). If the tissue that makes the lip doesn’t complete in pregnancy time so it will cause a split through the lip and nose. Most of the children with cleft lips also suffer from cleft palate.
2. How cleft palate forms?
Cleft palate is also another congenital disease that forms in gestational age (between 6th and 9th of gestation). It often occurs with cleft palate. If the tissue that makes the roof of the mouth isn’t formed property that leads to cleft palate disorder. In some children, this defect is only seen in one part of palate however in others front and back parts may be involved.
3. How many operations does it need to treat cleft lip and cleft palate?
Cleft lips and cleft palate need to have cosmetic and reconstructive surgeries. This surgery depends on the age of the infant, the severity of this defect and other probable disorders that may be related to this deformity. So, cosmetic surgery is required to repair the appearance of the face and also reconstructive surgery to improve the performance of hearing, eating and so on. Some additional treatments such as dental therapy, are often prescribed in this situation. So based on the medical plan surgeries will be programmed for the correction of appearance or functioning.
4. Do cleft lips and cleft palate make any additional disorders?
Cleft palate makes it difficult for breastfeeding in infants. Cleft palate makes a pathway to entering food or liquid into the nose. Checking up hearing health is recommended for cleft palate children.
5. How long does it take for recovery from surgery?
Healing is completely based on the severity of disorder and age. So it may take from days to weeks for healing.
6. What kind of specialties may involve in the treatment of cleft lips and cleft palate?
Different specialties are involved in treating cleft lips and cleft palate. They may include pediatricians, craniofacial specialists, dental surgeons, dentists, dental pathologists, audiologists, ear nose, and throat specialists, orthodontists, geneticists.
7. Is it possible to treat cleft lips and cleft palate in youth age?
Yes, it is possible however it is recommended to do it in early childhood if there has been impossible so it is suggested to do it as soon as possible.
8. How can I get more information if I have more questions?
Exon Health Paradise Company is contracting with a professional team both in cosmetic and reconstructive surgery. We will make a bridge for you to have an accurate reply in case of any more details of your medical plan. Well-known surgeons and world-class hospitals present the best and highest quality of treatment in Iran. The latest and cutting edge methods of treatment will be offered to you. Keep in touch and experience the highest quality treatment in Iran.
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