Organ and tissue transplantation in Iran
Organ and tissue transplantation are ways to restore the body's function and enhancing the quality of life by replacing the dysfunctional tissue or organ by healthy ones.
Overview of organ and tissue transplantation
Following the failure of some organs like kidney, liver, lungs, etc due to damage, trauma, disease or congenital disorders, these organs will be removed from the body. In these cases, the relevant treatments for the weakened organs often don't work so transplantation of the organ is suggested. In the transplantation process, the healthy organ or tissue is removed from one body that is called the donor and is transplanted to the recipient or host (the patient).
In the transplantation process, the donor can be alive or brain dead. Through this approach, the patient can then restore body function or live more. So, enhancing the quality of life and survival is the goal of transplantation. Different organs can be transplanted from a healthy body to the host body.
Organ transplantation is always considered as end-stage treatment and the only possible choice for failed liver, kidney, lungs, pancreas and so on. Saving life or restoring function is what we seek in transplantation. In cornea transplantation, we restore the function of the cornea through surgery.
It is noteworthy that transplantation is a major procedure with two people involved. The immune system of the receiver is important because it may reject the donated organ. Accordingly, the compatibility of recipients and donors in the transplantation process is very important.
The replacement of failed organs like kidney and liver with healthy organs is beneficial as it improves the quality of life and also it is cost-effective. When transplantation is done between two people that are not genetically related to each other it is called allotransplantation. There is also another type of transplantation from brain dead people or patients that are considered medically dead because of the significant lack of circulation. It is called the deceased donation process.
Concerning the immune response of recipient and rejection of the organ or tissue, the recipient may need to take medication for a long time. Taking drugs helps the recipient body to reduce long-term risks of rejection of the received organs. Before stepping in the transplantation process the specialist will inform the recipient of the probable risks of the donated organs.
Which organs can be transplanted?
Different organs can be replaced through the transplantation process including heart, kidney, liver, lung, pancreas, stomach and intestine.
Grafting is also known as a surgical procedure through which a part of the tissue is grafted in place of the dysfunctional tissue. The graft may be obtained from the patient him/herself or another person. After the tissue graft, new blood supply is regenerated. A similar technique where tissue is transferred with the blood supply intact is called a flap. Different tissues can be grafted including bone, tendons, skin, heart valves, nerves, veins, …
Moreover, transplantation is also possible for bone marrow and stem cells. Transplantation is also applicable for hands and arms.
Pioneers of organ transplantation in Iran
Transplantation is a novel achievement in medicine. Iran along with other improved countries in the medical sciences and technologies benefits from pioneer specialists in the transplantation of organs and tissue grafts. In Iran, multi-organ transplantation is applicable while it is less common in other countries.
Some of the Iranian pioneers in organ transplantation are as follows:
Dr. Malek Hosseini is the pioneer in liver and kidney transplantation with over 25 years of experience and more than 10000 successful surgeries. Besides Dr. Reza Malek Zadeh, Dr. Ali jafarian, and Dr. Bijan Eghtesad are among the renowned specialists in this field.
Dr. Hossein Mandegar is one of the pioneers in cardiology and heart transplant surgery in the middle east. He is the first surgeon who has performed a successful heart transplant surgery in Iran in 1993. He and his professional team has performed more than 220 successful heart transplant surgery since then.
The kidney is an organ that is transplanted the most in Iran. Dr. Naser Simforoush is a knowledgable professor and one of the best surgeons in the middle east for kidney transplantation. He has performed more than 5000 kidney transplantation surgery in just one center. In 60% of these cases, the organ has been donated from brain dead patients.
Lung transplantation is another field that Iranian surgeons have explored with success. The first lung transplantation was performed by Dr. Hassan Ahmadi in 2000. Since then more than 190 lung transplantation (one or both lungs) have been performed in Iran. Dr. Azizollah Abasi, Dr. Mohammad Behgam Shadmehr and, Dr. Mehrdad Arab are among the best pulmonologists that work as a team along with Dr. Ahmadi.
The pancreas is the newest organ that is transplanted in Iran. Dr. Nikeghbalian is the first surgeon to perform this surgery in Iran in 2006. He is one of Dr. Malek Hosseini’s students.
What is Exon's role in organ transplantation in Iran?
Considering the need for organ transplantation in patients on one hand and organ transplantation in Iran with the best quality treatment, Exon Health paradise Company recognized the gap. Exon facilitates patients from all over the world to have access to organ and tissue transplantation. Applicants should observe the related regulations for donation and recipient process. Ethical concerns and different social factors may bring limitations to organ and tissue transplantation. In Iran, Legal and ethical criteria are observed based on Iran rules and also the nation, religion and other necessities of any international patients.
Exon provides patients with the highest quality transplantation in the middle east and well-known professionals that are members of international scientific societies. They perform transplantation in modern medical centers with a professional medical team with novel techniques. With no doubt, you can experience safe and secure treatment in Iran with unbeatable experience of traveling to Iran with an enjoyable journey.
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